Conformal nanocoatings with uniform and controllable thickness on microstructured surfaces: a General assembly route
Yi Hou, Zhen Wang, Chao Cai, Xi Hao, Ning Zhao,* Yiping Zhao, Li Chen,* Hongwei Ma, and Jian Xu*
Adv. Mater. 2018, 30, 1704131.
Assembling nanoparticles (NPs) on various surfaces are intensively investigated for the construction of functional nanocoatings; however, it is still a challenge to fabricate conformal nanocoatings uniformly on surfaces having micro- or nanostructures. Herein, it is demonstrated that the negatively charged SiO2 NPs and the positively charged silicon coupling agent can be assembled layer-by-layer on the microstructures based on the combination of electrostatic interaction and condensation reaction. Conformal nanocoatings with controllable thickness are formed on the microstructured surfaces with different compositions and morphologies. The formation mechanism is confirmed by using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) to study the assembly process in real time. The universality of this method is illustrated by using other reactive building blocks with opposite charge to build up the conformal nanocoatings. Application in the preparation of antireﬂective nanocoatings on nonplanar optical materials is demonstrated. This simple, versatile, and scalable strategy for the preparation of conformal nanocoatings is promising for practical applications.